Looking Back: The academy fleet

August 5, 2015

By John Rousmaniere

A highlight of the Newport Bermuda Race has long been the very enthusiastic, and sometimes very successful, participation of  young crews from service academies.

Flying the Naval Academy's distinctive colors, Swift starts the light-air 2014 race. (Talbot Wilson)
Flying the US Naval Academy's distinctive colors, the first-generation Navy 44 Swift reaches away from the start of the light-air 2014 Bermuda Race. As usual, she did very well. (Talbot Wilson)

When it was first suggested that the US Naval Academy enter a boat in the Bermuda Race, a captain who was a fierce teetotaler worried that the midshipmen might be corrupted. “It is my understanding," he warned, "that after the conclusion of such a race, a rousing celebration usually takes place in Bermuda and the yachtsmen endeavor to forget the hardships of the voyage.”

Others were willing to take the risk of exposing mids to Dark 'n Stormies (under close supervision) and so the Academy accepted the race's invitation to enter a boat in 1938. One pioneer, Robert W. McNitt (then an ensign and later an admiral), dated his love of the sea to that thrash:

“Like human attachments, this romance cannot be taught or forced. It comes gently during a midwatch in the soft warm moonlight of the Gulf Stream, in the crashing roar of a sudden squall, and in the dawn of a new day at sea. It comes most easily and naturally under sail. There is a beauty and a grace in the silent passage of a ship under sail that stirs affection. A healthy respect for the sea and deep affection for the ships which sail upon it become a permanent part of our lives, and we are grateful for having experienced this when we were young.”

The Coast Guard Academy's Glory approaches St. David's Head. She's been top J/44. (Charles Anderson/PPL)
The Coast Guard Academy's Glory approaches St. David's Head. She's been top J/44. (Charles Anderson)

That feeling has been shared by many hundreds of first-time ocean racing sailors who, on shore, wear uniforms. Entries in recent years have come from the Massachusetts Maritime Academy, SUNY Maritime Academy, the US Coast Guard Academy, the US Merchant Marine Academy, and the US Naval Academy.  The Coast Guard Academy’s Glory has twice topped the competitive J-44 class, and has won three trophies as second- and third-place service academy boat in the race's St. David's Lighthouse Division.

Many service academy cadets and midshipmen have sailed the Bermuda Race in boats that were donated by their owners. One was the race’s overall winner in 1992, the Naval Academy’s PJ-48 Constellation. Her 22-year-old captain, Kyle Weaver, is the youngest winning skipper in Bermuda Race history. And, yes, he was the skipper. In these boats, the racing crews consist entirely of midshipmen, with safety officers/coaches who keep hands off except in dire emergencies.

Invictus preps for her start before 2012's  year's hard blow, in shich she thrived(John Rousmaniere)
Invictus preps for her start before 2012's hard blow. (John Rousmaniere)

Recent custom boats in the Naval Academy offshore fleet include high-performance TP 52-footers. Such a modern light-displacement, big-rig boat must be sailed exactly right if she is to perform well, much less stay in control. This demands aggressive trimming, frequent sail changes, and skillful steering. In the windy record-setting 2012 race, the Academy's TP 52 Invictus' top speeds were 24 and 22 knots (both with women mids at the helm).  Nearing Bermuda, Invictus was knocked down in a 53-knot squall, the jib disintegrated, the mainsail’s leech parted company with the rest of the sail—and the young mids cleaned up the mess so capably that Coach Jahn Tihansky was not tempted to take command.

Invictus skipper Midshipman Ralph Duffett said the best thing his crew had going for them was experience sailing as a team. Since April they and other USNA crews had done a cruise around the Delmarva Peninsula, and made at least 40 practice crewoverboard recoveries. Each USNA offshore boat annually puts about 3,500 miles of water in her wake, often in races.  Physical demands were lighter in 2014, but shifty winds imposed intense pressure on sail trim, sailing angles, tactics, and meteorology.  The USNA's TP 52 Constellation was right up front with the big boats and ended up fourth on elapsed time in the 163-boat fleet, beating several larger competitors to the finish line off St. David's Light.

Alongside the Naval Academy’s donated boats are many one-design 44-footers. From the 1930s to the 1980s, these were Luders-designed yawls. Then came a run of Navy 44 sloops designed by McCurdy & Rhodes. More recently there’s a second generation of Navy 44s designed by David Pedrick.

The top service academy boat on corrected time in the St. David’s Lighthouse Division is awarded the Destroyers Atlantic Trophy. In four of the last five races, it was won by Swift, a first-generation Navy 44 under different midshipman skippers. Her toughest competitor is a second-generation 44, Defiance, the top boat of the academy fleet in 2012, when she also won the Olin J. Stephens Award for best combined performance in Newport Bermuda and Marblehead Halifax races.  That year Swift and Defiance finished second and third in the St. David’s Lighthouse Division, and they were often within sight of each another.

On a typical spring afternoon on the Severn River, two Navy 44s in a close duel as they tune up for the next big race. (John Rousmaniere)
On a spring afternoon on the Severn River, two Navy 44s and their young crews tune up for the next big race. (John Rousmaniere)

The Swift-Defiance duel continues. In the 2015 Annapolis to Newport Race, the two crews had each other in view over every mile and finished 12 minutes apart, with Swift winning the race’s PHRF Division. “It was nice having Defiance there the whole way because it kept the crew motivated,” Swift’s skipper, Midshipman Kyle Briggs, told Bill Wagner of the Annapolis Capital Gazette. “We had the binoculars on Defiance all the time, checking out what sail changes they were making and what kind of angle they were on.”

We can expect more of that from the service academy boats in 2016.

His Excellency the Governor of Bermuda Mr. George Fergusson steers the new Constallation in the 2014 RBYC Anniversary Regatta, the final stage of the Onion Patch SeriesSkipper Midshipman Josh Forgacs points the way to the finish. (Talbot Wilson)
Skipper Midshipman Josh Forgacs points to the finish as His Excellency the Governor of Bermuda George Fergusson steers the new Constellation in the 2014 RBYC Anniversary Regatta.  (Talbot Wilson)

Admiral Robert W. McNitt's history, Sailing at the U.S. Naval Academy, tells the lively story of service academy sailing. For more about the Bermuda Race, there's A Berth to Bermuda, published by Mystic Seaport and the Cruising Club of America and written by John Rousmaniere, who also wrote the articles in the "Looking Back" series. 





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